Vice-Chancellor’s Distinguished Professor The Honorable James R. Clapper served as the fourth US Director of National Intelligence (DNI) from 9 August 2010 to 20 January 2017. In this position, Mr Clapper led the United States Intelligence Community and served as the principal intelligence advisor to President Barack Obama.
Mr. Clapper retired in 1995 after a distinguished career in the US Armed Forces. His career began in 1961 when he enlisted in the US Marine Corps Reserve and culminated as a lieutenant general in the US Air Force and Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. His intelligence-related positions over his 32 years in uniform included Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence at Headquarters, US Air Force, during Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm, and Director of Intelligence for three combatant commands: US Forces, Korea; Pacific Command, and Strategic Air Command. He served two combat tours during the Southeast Asia conflict, and flew 73 combat support missions in EC-47’s over Laos and Cambodia.
Directly following his retirement, Mr Clapper worked in industry for six years as an executive in three successive companies with the intelligence community as his business focus. He also served as a consultant and advisor to Congress and to the Departments of Defense and Energy, and as a member of a variety of government panels, boards, commissions, and advisory groups. He was a senior member of the Downing Assessment Task Force which investigated the Khobar Towers bombing in 1996, was vice chairman of a commission chaired by former Governor Jim Gilmore of Virginia on the subject of homeland security, and served on the NSA Advisory Board.
Mr Clapper returned to the government two days after 9/11 as the first civilian director of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA). He served in this capacity for almost five years, transforming it into the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) as it is today.
Prior to becoming the Director of National Intelligence, Mr Clapper served for over the three years in two administrations as the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence, where he served as the principal staff assistant and advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on intelligence, counterintelligence, and security matters for the department. In this capacity, he was also dual-hatted as the Director of Defense Intelligence for the DNI.