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ANU Crawford School of Public Policy

Energy fundamentals and policy for policymakers

One-day short course


19th August 2015


ANU Crawford School of Public Policy


Frank Jotzo
Quentin Grafton
Karen Hussey



In this course at The Australian National University’s Crawford School of Public Policy you will learn about emerging issues facing Australian energy policy-making in the context of global energy market trends and domestic technological and policy developments. Expert presenters will provide perspectives drawing on the latest research and demonstrate key analytical approaches that can be applied to policy questions.

Course overview


The course begins with a synopsis of trends in global energy markets, projections under different scenarios for climate policy and technological developments, and Australia’s energy supply outlook. The session will cover the International Energy Agency (IEA) World Energy Outlook as well as Australia’s forthcoming Energy Green Paper, looking at long term scenarios for energy system change. A typology of instruments for energy policy will be presented, and in the discussion energy policy issues for Australia will be identified that will be revisited during the day.

This is followed by a session on the foundations of energy economics. Drivers of energy and emissions will be identified for Australia and the globe, and advice provided on how tools for understanding energy developments can be communicated in policy contexts. The session will also review the basic economics of policy instruments to manage outcomes from the energy sector, including emissions pricing, subsidy schemes, and regulatory approaches.

The course then considers in detail the opportunities and limitations of Australia’s National Electricity Market (NEM), which is facing challenges in the context of a changing power supply mix and different patterns of demand. The session will examine the institutional design of the NEM, including the regulatory and cognitive influences on it, and its capacity to integrate distributed energy supply solutions in coming years.

The concluding session will examine energy subsidies and energy security in the context of policy instruments for energy policy and also the global gas ‘revolution’. Energy subsidies remain in place in many countries, and their removal presents opportunities for government budgets as well as economic and energy efficiency. Energy security is re-defined through changes in fuel mix and energy trade. Unconventional gas is changing the nature of energy markets globally and also in Australia. This transformation has important effects on renewables and greenhouse gas emissions. The session will examine the issues in-principle and map out the challenges for Australia.

The course is designed for policy practitioners at the executive and middle management level. Ample opportunity will be provided for participants to discuss their perspectives and test out ideas both with the expert presenters and fellow participants.

Course convenor

Frank Jotzo

Frank Jotzo is Associate Professor at Crawford School of Public Policy and Director of the Crawford School’s Centre for Climate Economics and Policy. He was a senior adviser to Australia’s Garnaut Climate Change Review, and has made various contributions to the analysis and policy development on climate policy domestically and internationally. He has advised Indonesia’s Ministry of Finance, is co-ordinating a program of joint research with Chinese organisations on climate change mitigation in China, and has advised the World Bank on a range of projects. He is a lead author of the Fifth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Course presenters


Quentin Grafton

Quentin Grafton is Professor of Economics at Crawford School of Public Policy, a Public Policy Fellow at The Australian National University (ANU) and Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences of Australia (FASSA). He is Chairholder, UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance; Director of Energy Policy Partnerships and Editor-in-Chief of Policy Forum ( He was the first Executive Director and Chief Economist of the Australian Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics (BREE) and served in that role from its formation until July 2013. He has also served in various advisory roles for the Australian Government including as the Chair of the Socio-economics Reference Group for the Murray-Darling Basin Commission and Chair of the International Geothermal Expert Group for the Australian Renewable Energy Agency.

Karen Hussey

Karen Hussey is Associate Professor at the Fenner School of Environment and Society at The Australian National University where she undertakes research on the policy and institutional dimensions of sustainability. Her most recent books include Environment and Sustainability: A Policy Handbook (2013, Federation Press, co-authored with S. Dovers), and Climate, Energy and Water: Managing trade-offs and seizing opportunities (2014, Cambridge University Press, with J. Pittock and S. Dovers), as well as numerous publications in the areas of water and energy policy, climate adaptation, and the trade-environment nexus.

Course date: 9.30am–4.30pm 19 August 2015
Venue: #132 Crawford Building, Lennox Crossing, ANU
Cost: A$1,100 GST incl; Group discounts applicable

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